Solna, Sweden – ADHD is often synonymous with difficult students and wandering minds, but this very common neurodevelopmental disorder can be linked to a number of heart problems in adults. A new study in Sweden suggests that adults with ADHD are twice as likely to develop heart disease as those without. Researchers from Karolinska Institutet and Örebro University conducted a large observational study to reach this conclusion.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is now very common, estimated to affect 2.5% of the global adult population. In most cases, ADHD is co-existing with other mental and physical conditions, some of which are already at risk for heart disease. However, until now, researchers have ignored the question of whether ADHD is associated with both general and specific personality traits. Cardiovascular diseases.
The authors of the study aimed to better understand the relationship between ADHD and 20 different cardiovascular diseases, after controlling for many known risk factors. type 2 diabetes, Obesity, smoking, sleep problems and mental problems.
“We found that adults with ADHD are more than that. Twice to develop Lin Li, a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the Karolinska Institutet and the first author of the study, said at least one cardiovascular disease. Release. “When we accounted for other well-established risk factors for CVD, the association weakened but remained significant, suggesting that ADHD is an independent risk factor for various cardiovascular events.”
Linking heart disease to ADHD patients
Researchers used data from more than five million Swedish adults, including 37,000 people with ADHD. The average follow-up time was 11.8 years, 38 percent People with conditions He has been diagnosed with at least one form of cardiovascular disease. In comparison, 24 percent of those without ADHD had cardiovascular disease.
There was a high risk among ADHD adults for all types of cardiovascular disease, but especially for heart failure, hemorrhagic stroke, and coronary artery disease. This relationship was also somewhat stronger among men. Certain psychiatric comorbidities, particularly eating and substance use disorders, have significantly increased heart disease risk in people with ADHD. In addition, no evidence was collected to suggest treatment with stimulants or other psychiatric drugs. As an antidepressant or antidepressants have any significant effect on the relationship between ADHD and heart disease.
Finally, the study authors caution that this project cannot establish a causal relationship based on their work’s observations. There was a lack of information in certain areas such as nutrition and information covering certain lifestyle conditions Exercise habits.
“Clinicians should carefully consider psychiatric disorders and lifestyle interventions to reduce CVD risk. People with ADHD But we need more research to explore plausible biological mechanisms such as common genetic components of ADHD and cardiovascular diseases, says the study’s final author, Henrik Larsson, professor at the School of Medical Sciences, professor at Örebro University and co-researcher at the Karolinska Institutet.
of Research published in World Psychiatry.