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Sexually transmitted diseases are a problem in the United States. On Monday, prominent public health experts and government officials sounded the alarm over the annual increase in sexually transmitted diseases. According to recently released preliminary data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia all increased last year.

This week, the CDC and the National Coalition for STD Directors handling The regular biennial STD prevention conference is virtual this year due to the Covid-19 pandemic. But while the conference was meant to highlight promising technological advances and initiatives, speakers were quick to point out that the current situation is dire.

“We…must work to rebuild, renovate and expand. [STD] prevention in the US,” Leandro Mena, director of the CDC’s Division of STD Prevention, said in a speech Monday, according to the Associated Press. Reporting. In another speech, David Harvey, executive director of the National Association of Sex Directors, went so far as to call the problem “out of control.”

Earlier this month, the CDC Released Preliminary 2021 figures from ongoing STD surveillance data. In 2021, there were at least 2.5 million reported cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis in the U.S., the three major STDs that doctors and local health departments are required to monitor and report (other serious STDs like HIV or hepatitis B are monitored. Well, but Their numbers are critical.Z and reported elsewhere). These case counts are known to be very low because not all infections show symptoms and many people are not regularly tested for STDs.

In the year Chlamydia cases in 2021 (1.63 million cases) were down slightly from the peak in 2019 but were higher than the 2020s total, and gonorrhea and syphilis cases continued to rise year over year. In the year In 2021, there were 696,764 reported cases of gonorrhea and 171,074 cases of syphilis. The rate and incidence of syphilis transmitted from mother to child in utero will increase to 2,677 in 2021. At least 139 Newborn babies In the year He died of syphilis in 2020.

Gonorrhea has its own set of unique challenges. Though infections often don’t cause illness and are very rarely life-threatening, the bacteria that cause gonorrhea are It is rapidly gaining resistance. For the few remaining front-line antibiotics to treat them. And without effective drugs, gonorrhea can cause serious problems, such as infertility or blindness, in newborns who catch the infection in the womb.

If that’s not all bad enough, In 2022, he also saw a widespread outbreak of human-monkey disease. While the virus can be spread through any type of long-term relationship, the current outbreak is primarily transmitted during sex, often by men who have sex with intimate partners. Although the future of monkey disease is uncertain, many experts fear that it will be new Normally STD, Although it can be treated with effective vaccinations and antiviral treatments.

In his speech, Mena argued that there are still steps that can be taken to reduce the rate of sexually transmitted diseases. These include reducing the stigma associated with STIs, educating and persuading people to adopt safer sex practices such as condoms, and making it easier and cheaper for people to get tested. One important way to improve testing, he said, is to develop at-home tests similar to those currently widely available for Covid-19 or pregnancy.

“I think about the day I will be tested. [for STDs] It can be as easy and affordable as doing a home pregnancy test,” he said.

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