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of ResearchPublished in British Medical JournalIt involved more than 100,000 adults in France, 80 percent of whom were women. In the web-based survey, the average age of participants was 42.
Researchers found that participants who ate the most aspartame, which is found in sweeteners like NutraSweet and Equal, as well as foods like diet soda, chewing gum, candy, and yogurt, had a higher risk of stroke. I don’t eat anything.
Participants who consumed the sucralose found in Splenda, baked goods, beverages, and dairy desserts, as well as acesulfame potassium in sugar-free pop, were at increased risk of coronary artery disease.
In the year The study, which began in 2009, had participants complete five online questionnaires about diet, health, lifestyle and physical activity. They were also asked about sociodemographic information such as education and occupation.
Over time, participants completed dietary assessments every six months. During these assessments, they had to report every food and drink they had in a 24-hour period. They are also asked to report new medical conditions and treatments.
A total of 37 percent of participants consumed artificial sweeteners. In the study, participants drank about 42 milligrams per day, which is equivalent to one packet of table candy or 100 milliliters of diet soda.
What are artificial sweeteners?
Artificial sweeteners Sweet foods and drinks are an alternative to sugar. They are made of chemicals and natural ingredients, and have fewer calories compared to sugar.
Many people use artificial sweeteners To lose weightcontrol blood sugar and limit sugar intake.
As of 2011 British Medical JournalResearchMore than 23,000 products worldwide contain artificial sweeteners.
however, Health Canada It regulates the use of sugar substitutes and assumes they are safe for most people.
What do Canadian experts say about the study?
Dr. Mark Ruel, of Canadian Cardiovascular AssociationHe says Yahoo Canada Although the study addresses an important public health question, the conclusions are not supported by the data.
“I think the conclusions are exaggerated. This is an observational study, that is, researchers look at links. They are correlations, not causes,” he explains. “I don’t think this study is going to change much if someone drinks Pepsi with Diet Pepsi or vice versa. It doesn’t make enough scientifically supported changes.”
Ruel also points out a limitation of the study: the fact that pre-diabetics were excluded.
According to the cardiologist, at the age of 42, many participants may have “silent diabetes”, which means that the disease has not yet been diagnosed and will occur later.
He added, “The public is at risk if the accountability is not found.” “We know that people with diabetes or pre-diabetes have a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease. With knowledge of that risk, they may have changed their behavior, including taking artificial sweeteners.”
Improve cardiovascular health
of Participants British Medical Journal Those in the study were those who ate the highest amount of artificial sweeteners, had a higher body mass index, were more likely to smoke, and were less likely to exercise. They also ate high amounts of sodium, red and processed meat, and dairy products, and ate few fruits and vegetables.
When it comes to cardiovascular care, Ruel says there are lifestyle changes he recommends to reduce a person’s risk of heart disease.
The recommendations include a Mediterranean-style diet including fruits and vegetables, beans, nuts, whole grains, lean poultry and fish. He also recommends reducing alcohol consumption, avoiding smoking and exercising.
“All sweeteners, both artificial and non-artificial, should be limited as much as possible,” shares Ruel. “That said, if you’re in an environment where you drink a lot of sweetened beverages, well, then I don’t think that explains the small effect artificial sweeteners have on reducing obesity and cardiovascular disease in the long term. Run.”
Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation Heart-healthy tips They also suggest maintaining a healthy weight and managing stress to prevent premature heart disease.