CNN

More people are surviving cancer in the United States than ever before, according to a new report from the American Association for Cancer Research.

In the past three years, the number of cancer survivors in the US — defined as people alive who have had a cancer diagnosis — has increased by more than a million. In the year There were 18 million survivors in the U.S. in January, a number expected to grow to 26 million by 2040, the association said. According to the report, there were only 3 million US. Cancer survivors in 1971.

For all cancers combined, the five-year overall survival rate rose from 49% in the mid-1970s to nearly 70% from 2011 to 2017, the most recent years for which data are available.

Between 1991 and 2019, the reduction in total cancer deaths has prevented nearly 3.5 million deaths, the association said.

The decline in smoking and improvements in early detection and treatment of cancer are accelerating the change AACR Cancer Progress Report 2022was released on Wednesday.

The president of the association Dr. Lisa Cousins ​​in A press release Part of the credit goes to investment in research – for treatment and to understand the disease.

“Targeted therapies, immunotherapy and other new therapies that are being implemented clinically all stem from fundamental discoveries in basic science,” she said. “Investing in cancer science and supporting science education at all levels is critical to powering the next wave of discovery and accelerating progress.”

For example, between Aug. 1 and July 31, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved eight anticancer treatments, expanded the use of 10 previously approved drugs to treat new types of cancer, and approved two investigational imaging agents, Cousins ​​said at a news conference Wednesday.

Funding for cancer research is a cornerstone of President Joe Biden’s relaunched Cancer Moonshot initiative.

biden – He lost a son to brain cancer. – he said This month The goal is to cut the cancer death rate in the United States by at least half over the next 25 years.

“Cancer does not discriminate between red and blue. It doesn’t matter if you are a Republican or a Democrat. Beating cancer is something we can do together,” said Biden, who helped launch the initiative when he was vice president under Obama.

The new report urges Congress to fully endorse and support Biden’s goalIt will end cancer as we know itHe said.

“The revised Cancer Awareness Month provides an important framework for improving cancer prevention strategies; increasing cancer screening and early detection; reducing cancer risk; and promoting new life-saving treatments for patients with cancer,” the report added. They bring millions of lives-saving cures,” he said.

Although the year Despite nearly 3.5 million cancer deaths averted between 1991 and 2019, more than 600,000 people in the U.S. are still expected to die from cancer, according to the association.

“In the United States alone, the number of new cancer patients diagnosed each year is expected to reach nearly 2.3 million by 2040,” the report said.

About 40 percent of cancer cases in the US are caused by preventable factors, including smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, poor diet, lack of physical activity and obesity, the report said.

But there are continuing challenges, such as health disparities and health care barriers that affect racial and ethnic minorities, such as limited health insurance coverage and living in rural areas.

In a taped statement at the news conference, U.S. Rep. Nickema Williams said she learned after her mother’s death from cancer that “healthcare in America is still not a human right.”

“We have two health care systems in this country, one for everyone who can afford preventive care and quality care,” said Williams, a Democrat from Georgia.

Overturning RoA v. Wade is also expected to affect cancer care by limiting health care options for pregnant women with cancer, the report said.

“In the recent Supreme Court ruling in Roe v. Wade, which struck down the constitutional right to abortion, there is uncertainty about how a particular cancer treatment will terminate a pregnancy. Such uncertainty may prevent some doctors from prescribing drugs or providing other health care services in a timely manner because it could harm both the doctor and the mother. It will result in possible legal consequences.

The Covid-19 pandemic has had an impact on cancer in the US, with nearly 10 million breast, colon and prostate cancer screenings missed by 2020.

The report makes recommendations for building on the process and revitalizing it.

“Making progress to end cancer means more birthdays, more Christmases, more graduations and more everyday moments for families everywhere,” Williams said.

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