Colon cancer, also called colorectal CancerIt is the third most common cancer diagnosed in the United States. As of 2011 American Cancer SocietyIt is estimated that there will be 106,180 new cases of colon cancer and 44,850 new cases of rectal cancer by 2022. “Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death in both men and women and the second most common cause of cancer death. Combined, it is expected to kill about 52,580 people this year in men and women. The ACS states: “Overall, our risk of developing colorectal cancer is: 1 in 23 ( 4.3%) for men and 1 in 25 (4.0%) for women”.
Two decades ago, colon cancer demographics began to change, with rates declining in older people and an increase in adults under 50, and health officials don’t know exactly why. The ACS states, “Since the mid-1980s, the number of people diagnosed with colon or rectal cancer has generally declined each year, primarily because more people are being screened and changing their lifestyle-related risk factors. From 2013 to 2017, the incidence rate decreased by 1% each year. But this decline The trend is mostly among older people and masks have been increasing among young adults since at least the mid-1990s. From 2012 to 2016, it increased by 2% among those under 50 and 1% among people 50 to 64.
Like other cancers, colon cancer is deadly, but when detected early, it can be treated successfully and there are ways to reduce the risk. “Up to 80% of colon cancer can be prevented through lifestyle, diet and exercise.” Anton Bilczyk, MD, PhD, surgical oncologist and chair of the department of general surgery at Providence St. John’s Health Center and director of medicine at St. John’s Cancer Institute in Santa Monica, CA, tells us. Eat this, not that! Health spoke with cancer experts about what you need to know about colon cancer and ways to prevent it. As always, please consult your doctor for medical advice. Read on – and to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these Signs that you are sure you already have covid.
“Most patients with colon cancer have no obvious symptoms, especially if they are in the early stages. Symptoms can be nonspecific, such as rectal bleeding, unexplained weight loss, bloating, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting,” Dr. Bilczyk said.
Misag Karimi“Patients with colorectal cancer may have no symptoms at all, or their symptoms may be similar to other gastrointestinal problems,” explains Dr. Can: Without any symptoms, polyps containing cancer cells can remain in the colon wall for months, but even years.More advanced stage.
This is one of the many reasons people should know their family medical history and tell their doctor if something is wrong. If your symptoms are caused by colorectal cancer, there are screening tests to find the cause. At City of Hope, we offer state-of-the-art screenings including colorectal cancer screenings, colonoscopies, stool DNA testing and genetic testing.
Toufic KachaamyMD, FASGE, AGAF intervention program specialist, Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA) says, “Rectal bleeding, especially in young adults, is often mistaken for hemorrhoids and leads to a delay in diagnosis. Every rectal bleeding should be evaluated. If you experience this symptom, about Talk to your colonoscopy doctor.
“Warning symptoms that people should report to their doctor include: long-lasting changes in bowel habits (more than a few days), rectal bleeding, blood in the stool, abdominal pain, cramping, weakness or fatigue, bloating, unexpected weight loss,” says Dr. Karimi. Nausea and vomiting These symptoms can be similar to symptoms of gastrointestinal diseases or conditions not related to cancer, and it is important to bring these concerns to your doctor so that they can be addressed. ”
Dr. Karimi advises: “If you have been diagnosed with colorectal cancer, consult with your primary care physician before starting treatment. A colorectal cancer specialist who knows the latest advances in research and treatment can help you fully understand your options. You can make the best decision between specialists and majors.” The prognosis of colorectal cancer can be very positive by finding treatment methods.
The following questions can help guide the conversation with your doctor:
- What stage of cancer do I have? what does that mean?
- What are my treatment options? Which one do you recommend? why?
- Should I get a second opinion?
- What are the expected benefits of each type of treatment?
- What are the risks and side effects of each treatment? What can be done to manage side effects?
- Will I have more than one type of treatment? How will my treatment change over time?
- How long will it take for me to recover from the treatment?
- Can I work or go to school while on treatment?
- What is the chance that the cancer will come back?
- How long does the treatment take?
- What can I do to prepare for treatment?
- Would a clinical trial be right for me? Can you help me find one?
- What support do you have for me and my family?
Dr. Kachamy said, “A cancer diagnosis is a stressful event. Many questions come to mind, but here are a few tips.
- What level am I at?
- What are my chances of long-term remission (being free of cancer for more than five years)?
- Are you working in a multidisciplinary fashion with multiple specialists involved in care?
- If I need surgery, how specific is my surgeon?
- Is my oncologist a colon cancer specialist?
Dr. Karimi shares, “I recommend to my patients a diet rich in fiber (especially whole foods rich in fruits and vegetables). Eating meat in moderation is important, research studies show a link between colorectal cancers and higher rates. Other healthy habits I recommend people adopt for long-term meat consumption are alcohol. Reduce drinking and avoid tobacco products.
We know that physical activity is a big part of an individual’s overall health, and we’re seeing that getting too much exercise and too much sitting can affect the risk of colorectal cancer. Half of the patients in the young demographic are overweight. As a medical oncologist who sees patients every day, I see firsthand how hard it is to change your behavior, but even small changes can make a big difference. When you need a snack, try walking for an extra 10 minutes or choosing whole foods instead of processed foods. The best way to stop cancer is to prevent it in the first place, and the sooner you make healthy choices, the greater the benefits.
Dr. Bilczyk recommends the following healthy habits to reduce your risk of colon cancer: “A diet that includes fruits and vegetables, limit consumption of red meat and processed foods. Get at least 30 minutes of exercise a day – five days/week; avoid smoking. Avoid excess weight and Weight loss programs with reduced stress.
Dr. Kachami emphasized, “Regular screenings are very important. Which program should you sign up for and you shouldn’t be late. It makes it easy to book an appointment in advance on the books, so sign up early and not last minute. Annual screenings b. Colon cancer is done with a stool test. For your first screening Colonoscopies are routine and should be done every ten years if you are at average risk.
Dr. Karimi says, “Getting recommended screenings is very important, and if you’re in your 40s, it’s never too early to think about them. The American Cancer Society recommends that people at average risk of colon cancer start regular screenings at age 45. Follow-up colonoscopies should be done every 1-3 years, like Screening can help prevent colon cancer by identifying growths (polyps) that can be removed before they turn into cancer based on the individual’s risk and the findings of the initial examination. Colon cancer starts as a polyp. Often, the polyp can be removed during a colonoscopy. If cancer cells are still in the colon after the colonoscopy, this part of the colon can be removed by surgery. A repair may be removed, which is often minimally invasive. If the cancer has rarely spread to the colon, you may also need chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
In recent years, we have seen advances in the treatment of colorectal cancer with targeted therapies and immunosuppressive drugs. And there are innovations in the City of Hope. Our scientists are researching a A virus that kills cancer The immune system can help fight colon cancer and also a Plant agent Chemo-resistance may help treat colorectal cancer.
It is important for individuals to keep track of examinations and medical appointments. Please do not delay your colonoscopy or stress will help you avoid a diagnosis. Colorectal cancer is highly treatable if detected early. Your doctor and care team can answer questions about health problems related to colorectal cancer, and if you’re 45 or older, please ask about screening. These tests can save your life.”