A Healthy The body begins to be healthy mouth As it is the gateway to the overall health of the body and to maintain a healthy self, one should regularly perform self-exams once a month to detect the telltale signs and symptoms of the mouth. Cancer. Any sudden development or ulceration or bleeding in the mouth or a bite that lasts for a long time should be reported to the medical doctor immediately because early detection is important to fight oral cancer.

Cancer of the oral cavity, including the lips, base of the tongue, inside the cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, tonsils, vallecula, and pharynx (throat). Cancer or cancer of the oral cavity. This type of cancer is classified under head and neck cancers and is much easier for doctors to treat when detected early, but unfortunately many people wait until the disease progresses.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Ankit Mahuvakar, head and neck onco-surgeon at HCG Cancer Hospital, Mumbai, said, “Oral cancer starts as flat spots that look like fish scales under a microscope. . Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignant neoplasm of the oral cavity. Excessive use of tobacco and alcohol consumption are the main causes of mouth cancer. However, it can also occur in patients with no known risk factors.

He added: “Oral cancer usually looks like a common problem of the lips or mouth with white or red bumps or sores that bleed.” The only difference between a normal problem and cancer is that the latter does not go away within 2 weeks and if left untreated, it spreads to other parts. For example, if a cheek cancer is left untreated, it will slowly spread to the muscles, then the skin, then the bones, and so on.

Reasons:

Dr. Ankit Mahuvakar, “Cells in the lips or mouth develop changes (mutations) in their DNA as they continue to grow and divide and cause healthy cells to die. Accumulation of abnormal cells can form a tumor. As time passes, this spreads in the mouth. Oral cancers generally begin in the squamous cells lining the lips and mouth. They are squamous cell carcinomas.”

He warned, “Unhealthy habits such as smoking cigarettes, pipe or chewing tobacco and heavy alcohol consumption increase the risk of oral cancer. If the face and therefore the lips are exposed to the sun or if the person has a weak immune system, the chance increases. Also, the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for oropharyngeal cancer.

Symptoms:

· Swelling or thickening, lumps or rough areas or eroded areas on the lips, gums, cheeks or other areas in the mouth

· Velvet-like white or red spots in the mouth

· Unexplained bleeding in the mouth

· Numbness, numbness, pain or tenderness in any area of ​​the face, mouth or neck

· Persistent sores on the face, neck or mouth that bleed and do not heal within 2 weeks

· Feeling that something is stuck in the throat

· Difficulty chewing or swallowing, speaking or moving the jaw or tongue

Chronic sore throat or voice change

· Jaw or ear pain

Sudden weight loss

Prevention:

Dr. Ankit Mahuvakar said, “When the individual plays an active role in preventing oral cancer, it can reduce the risk of developing the disease. People who smoke or chew tobacco should try and quit because it directly exposes the cells in the mouth to dangerous cancer-causing chemicals. Alcohol consumption should be reduced as it irritates the cells and increases the risk of mouth cancer. Drinking in moderation can help reduce the risk.

“The skin on the lips should be protected from sun exposure at all times. Therefore, it is advisable to wear a wide-brimmed hat or carry an umbrella to cover the face. Also, sunscreen lip products should be a daily routine for sun protection. Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is also important. Having a healthy diet is key to fighting any cancer. In addition, it is important to visit the dentist regularly for a thorough examination of the entire mouth to prevent pre-cancerous changes.

Treatment:

Treatment depends on the location, stage and type of cancer, as well as the age and health of the patient, explains Dr. Ankit Mahuvakar, “Brachytherapy is used in the treatment of oral cancer. This includes, for example, removing part of the tongue or jawbone or lymph nodes. These can drastically change a person’s appearance and ability to speak or eat. Early detection of oral cancer can reduce the chance of it developing or spreading. A simple monthly self-examination is a finger examination of the lips, gums, and roof of the mouth.

He explains, “The neck and the area under the lower jaw should be checked for any swelling or lymph nodes. The inside of the mouth should be examined using a bright light and a mirror. Also, the roof of the mouth should be respected by tilting the head slightly. The cheeks should be pulled to see if there are changes on the top, bottom, sides or floor, the inside of the mouth, the lining of the cheek and behind the gums and the tongue should be pulled. mouth”

Oral health is also important and it is not just about filling a cavity but also about the overall health of the individual. The doctors strive for both – to completely remove cancer and to preserve the appearance and functions of the mouth, what we have to do is to regularly examine the inside of the mouth for any changes and also inform the doctors immediately to prevent the disease. Distribution.

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