The cholera virus has caused a huge number of infections and deaths in US hospitals, which has changed the course of years by fighting one. Severe public health problems In modern medicine, as a New analysis He was released on Tuesday at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The report analyzes the antimicrobial resistance in the United States, focusing on superbag infections in hospitals.
Public health efforts have reduced these preventable infections in hospitals by almost 30 percent A.D. Between 2012 and 2017. But by 2020, the epidemic has “pushed hospitals, health departments and communities closer to their destinations,” CDC Director Rochelle Wallace wrote in the report.
Hospitals are overcrowded. They needed to use medical equipment, such as a catheter and ventilator, frequently and for a long time. Devices that break down the body’s natural barrier – the skin – increase the risk of infection.
The new CVD-19 clinics have relied on antibiotics as the first option to treat patients with fever and shortness of breath – viral symptoms. Between March 2020 and October 2020, about 80 percent of patients treated at Covide-19 were treated with antibiotics, the report said. Those life-saving drugs work against bacteria, not viruses. High doses of antibiotics put patients at risk for side effects and allow drug resistance to develop and spread.
Hospitals also experienced severe staff shortages and personal protective equipment; Especially high quality N95 masks They provide the best protection. In some areas, hospital staff have used face-to-face masks for use by Home Depot and craft shops. Overcrowded workers have difficulty following infection prevention and control protocols, the report said. Many staff have been taken out of control to care for patients with CVD-19 infection. That created a kind of double Wemmy.
“In addition to having a devastating impact on millions of people who have been infected with cocaine and millions of people who have died of cocaine, it has had a significant and significant impact on the safety of patients in the United States,” said Arjun Srinivas. , A senior CDC official who is leading the agency’s efforts to control super bed bugs said:
He said some patients who had recovered from Covide-19 had “serious side effects” and died from a drug-resistant infection.
A.D. By 2020, more than 29,400 people will die of common health-related infections, according to the report. About 40 percent of these are hospitalized with the virus. The rest of the infections occurred outside the hospital, in nursing homes, and so on Community Health Institutions. Due to limited information, CDC does not know how many people have died of superbug infections.
CDC Estimates In the United States, more than 2.8 million antimicrobial infections occur each year, resulting in more than 35,000 deaths. A.D. By 2020, the overall death toll from these infections could be much higher. Surveillance and information reports have been closed due to the outbreak.
Antimicrobial resistance is constantly evolving to prevent the use of antibiotics. When mutated, some bacteria develop the ability to fight off a variety of antibiotics, multiply, and develop resistance along the way. Many antibiotics are used in health care and AgricultureThey become less effective.
Antibiotic resistance is especially dangerous for patients in hospitals and nursing homes and for patients with weakened immune systems. But these intractable infections now threaten people with more modern surgeries and treatments such as knee replacement, organ transplant and cancer treatment.
You can find young and healthy people Methylene resistant Staphylococcus aureusOr MRSA, Infection of the skin. Urinary tract infections in women can be contracted from other ESBL-producing enterobacteriaceae, which can no longer be treated with oral bed bugs that can be treated with antibiotics.
Hospital Infections During the first year of the epidemic, three out of five bacteria and fungi that pose a serious threat to human health increased. The big jumper was also a carpenter. Acinetobacter, Bacteria that cause pneumonia and ulcers, circulatory and urinary tract infections, often among patients in intensive care units. A.D. In 2020, hospital infections for Caffeine protection Acinetobacter It rose 78 percent, 7,500 cases and 700 deaths, the report said.
There has been a 60 percent increase in hospital-acquired morbidity The worst yeast It is called White ear And carbamine-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE) increased 35 percent in hospital infections, also known as. “Nightmare Bacteria” CRE is a group of bacteria that is of great interest to patients who need catheters and other equipment, long courses of some antibiotics or long hospital stays. Super bedbugs are resistant to almost all or all antibiotics, kill up to half of patients with circulatory infections, and can Transmission of antibiotics to other related bacteria; It can prevent other bacteria from being treated.
CDC divided the previous payment. 18 Pathogens They are classifying each individual’s concern as “urgent,” “serious,” or “serious.” However, the agency lacked information on the nine germs, many of which were dispersed outside the hospital. They include gonorrhea and drug resistance Staphylococcus pneumoniaThe main cause of bacterial pneumonia and meningitis.
About 2,400 out of 6,000 US hospitals voluntarily provide monthly information on antibiotic use. There is CDC, Srinivasan; Of these, about 1,100 are providing information about tolerant errors.
“Our monitoring system did not even provide that information at the time of the outbreak, so we do not have any information. “This should be as alarming as a pathogen. It’s so shocking to know that. ”