Summary: Researchers are evaluating whether the use of modern technologies, such as neuromodeling and gene editing, can “curb” and curb aggressive behavior.
Source: The conversation
It would be a mistake to conclude that a violent attack is limited to those with a mental illness. Healthy people also have the potential for sudden attacks – and “morally” bad behavior.
It has traditionally facilitated moral development in social institutions, such as religion, education, and community conventions. But technology can change that.
If scientists identify predators of retaliation, bio-medicine may provide ways to improve the morale of vulnerable people.
This concept of “moral improvement” is strongly debated. Bioethics experts claim that it can, and must be.Are Biomedical Interventions Used to Improve “Morality”?
We need more research before we can evaluate the practical and ethical feasibility of violence reduction techniques. But the search at this point is in good shape.
What is ‘moral reform’?
Broadly speaking, moral improvement refers to the use of bio-medicine to improve morals. Some suggested strategies include reducing bias, increasing empathy, improving self-control, and improving intelligence.
While this may seem like a science fiction, consider other forms of human development.
Transhumanists are discovering new ways of thinking with seismic sensors, nerve impulses, and magnetic resonance imaging devices. Smart drugs They are used for cognitive benefits such as memory and alertness – and Brain-computer communications The mind and the machine are merging.
It is not a big deal to think that we are targeting biological processes that affect our social behavior.
Of course, moral improvement is controversial, and bioethicists disagree on its feasibility and ethical implications. Can it work? And under what circumstances (if any) can it be justified?
My latest I think the study is not to be underestimated.
Severe diseases have long been treated by medical professionals. But this is often the case only in cases of mental illness, and we know that violence is more widespread than clinical and legal statistics.
Studies indicate Only half of the non-lethal attacks were reported, and 72% of the unreported cases were non-violent attacks. But just because an attack can happen outside of a clinical setting does not mean it is not morally wrong.
Daily attack plays in familiar settings. Violence in professional sports. Parental screaming is not uncommon in youth matches; We have seen many examples of mothers and fathers Physical abuse Judges and judges.
These examples tell us that violence is present in all human activities. Otherwise, they suggest that healthy people are more likely to lose their lives in the worst possible attacks. And maybe some of us are more dangerous than others – unknowingly.
If we can identify people who predict a disaster, we can prevent it before it happens.
How do we identify an attack?
Psychology describes any behavior that is intended to cause harm. This does not include personal injury benefits, such as surgery or tattoos.
Attacks come in two broad forms: home-responsive and instrumental. Retaliation is described as “hot blood” and involves extreme anger in a threatening situation. Gun attack is “cold-blooded” and involves calculated actions with low sensitivity.
Both types of attacks can overlap, but each has a different neurophysiological signature. Counterfeit moves the “core” parts of the brain, while attacks on devices restore more advanced areas in the necrotex.
Morally, there is reason to believe that aggressive behavior is more dangerous than other forms of violence. This does not mean that you will not be bothered by gun attacks. In fact, it is involved in some very serious situations, such as criminal psychopathy.
But responsive violence is different because it does not have a high level of awareness. It includes the relatively basic limbic system – the region of the brain that deals with behavioral and emotional responses. It also closes the prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for rational decisions.
What can be done?
common sense Biomarkers Responsive attacks have not yet been established but scientists have identified some of them Key contributors. These include various genes, receptors, serotonin and dopamine-related neurochemicals, amygdala activity, and brain damage in certain areas.
Certain biomedical processes show promise. Neuromodulatory techniques have been developed to reduce aggression by directly altering brain activity. Includes an example A painless procedure in which electrodes are placed on the human head to stimulate or inhibit a specific part of the brain.
Researchers Suggested. We can use this technology to help adolescents with behavioral problems in adolescence.
It is another emerging method Psychiatric-assisted treatment. Working with therapists, patients use modified consciousness, such as LSD, MMA, and psilospin, to positively shape and shape values, thoughts, and behavior. Early clinical trials have shown remarkable results in treating addiction, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Gene-based strategies such as CRISPR It also offers hope for treatment and improvement purposes. They do this by inserting genetic material into the human body to replace or replace unwanted genes. Most gene therapies are still being tested. People need a lot more evaluation before they can use it safely and ethically.
Importantly, there are questions about moral improvement It is already happening.For example, when we take drugs that change the chemistry of our brain. If so, should we consider new moral improvement strategies as part of existing pre-treatment therapies?
There are major challenges to implementing any of the above methods to target an attack. One of the uniqueness is that the nervous structures involved in the attack are also mentioned in states such as fear, reward, motivation, and risk-identification.
Also, anti-social behavior cannot be easily linked to one or two genes. Hundreds of genes, or thousands, are the product of complex genetic architecture that interacts with the human environment and way of life.
While we can safely target retaliation, there are practical and ethical issues. First, not all attacks are anti-social. Often, measures to prevent aggression and self-defense are necessary.
People may have different motivations, which means that there may be different types of aggression in one action. To further complicate matters, some researchers are arguing for additional classifications, such as micro-, “prosthetic” and “appetite.”
Any moral improvement ideas should take into account the impact on the person, their behavior and self-confidence. In addition, there are concerns about the possibility of self-government, personal freedom and compulsory treatment.
These conditions must be carefully weighed against the potential benefits of correcting aggressive tendencies.
As we move forward, we need to learn more about the moral significance of different types of violence, how they appear in an individual’s actions and how they are reflected in their biology.
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