A ‘silent-spreading’ sexually transmitted disease that causes infertility is feared to be turning into a super bug.
Mycoplasma genitalium, also known as M. genium or M. gen, is resistant to every antibiotic used to treat it so far.
Sexually transmitted infections were first discovered in London in the 1980s – but testing has only been available in the US since 2019. This means scientists aren’t sure exactly how widespread it is.
Some studies Only 1 in 100 adults in the US are positive for M. Gen, but experts estimate that a fifth will get it at some point in their lives.
The bacterial infection has been linked to infertility, premature labor and miscarriage, as well as cervical inflammation and pelvic inflammatory disease.
There is growing concern that STDs may become untreatable because they have developed resistance to azithromycin, the most popular antibiotics used to treat STDs, as well as quinolones, macrolides, and doxycycline.
There are alternatives but they cause serious side effects which means they are not suitable for pregnant women. And there are signs that he is already becoming tolerant of them.
There is concern that M.G. will become more common as STDs are on the rise in general in the US. In the year By 2021, 2.5 million infections will be recorded. At 2.4 million in 2020, it is itself an all-time high.
Superbugs are estimated to contribute to nearly 7 million deaths a year, with some experts warning they should be taken as seriously as global warming.
Mycoplasma genitalium, also known as M. Genium or M. Gen, causes severe symptoms including infertility, but is resistant to four types of antibiotics. It is estimated that up to one in five Americans have sex.
M. Gen. what is this?
Mycoplasma genitalium, also known as M. genitalium or M. Gen. It is also known as sexually transmitted disease.
It is a bacterial infection that affects the urinary and genital tracts of men and women.
It was first discovered in London in the 1980s and is transmitted sexually.
Babies can get the infection from their mothers before they are born through the amniotic fluid.
It is common in young people and also in people who have unprotected sex and have a lot of sex (although this is true of all STDs).
The infection is similar to chlamydia, but it is caused by a different bacteria.
The past m. The disease can be considered chlamydia, which allows it to gradually develop resistance to various antibiotics.
However, both infections are possible.
Examination for M. Gen. Available only in the US as of 2019.
Routine testing is not recommended by the CDC.
- Bleeding and swelling of the genitals
- urethritis, inflammation and irritation of the urethra, which causes painful urination
- Abnormal fluid
- Cervical swelling
- In women, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) causes pain in the lower abdomen and bleeding after sex.
Professor Paul Hunter, an infectious disease expert at the University of East Anglia in England, told DailyMail.com that there is strong evidence that MJ has adverse health effects in any type of genital mycoplasma.
STDs are also ‘difficult to diagnose’, meaning they spread under the radar, he said.
Because the infection is so common and most infections do not cause negative health effects, it is not easy to do something about it.
M. Geni can cause painful, bleeding and swollen genitalia, and even infertility in women.
But many people have no symptoms and can carry it for many years without knowing it.
It can be transmitted through unprotected vaginal or rectal sex, such as genital-to-genital contact, and even through mother-to-child transmission before birth.
In M. Gen, an Analysis of 10 studies Found in 2021.
In men, M. gen can cause urethritis, inflammation and irritation of the urethra, which can make urination very painful, but more research is needed to confirm the long-term effects of M. gen infection.
It can cause abnormal discharge for both sexes.
Simon Clarke, associate professor of cellular microbiology at the University of Reading, told DailyMail.com that it was ‘entirely possible’ that M. gene became completely resistant to antibiotics.
However, he said, several drug-resistant strains are likely to be ‘in some way’.
He said that ‘silent transmission’ is the problem because people ‘don’t know to go and check and pass it on to someone else’.
This means that it will continue to dominate, and doctors will continue to prescribe antibiotics to treat antibiotics, antibiotic resistance and M. Gen. To be super wrong.
Superbugs are estimated to kill 7 million people each year, either through co-infection or directly.
It comes as STDs are on the rise across the board. Rates of chlamydia, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the US, have been rising for more than 30 years.
M. gen., chlamydia, and gonorrhea can all be asymptomatic, meaning STDs spread silently. Gonorrhea was at its peak in the 1970s, but remains high.
What is antibiotic resistance?
Antibiotics have been needlessly banned by doctors for decades, turning once-harmless bacteria into superbugs.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that if nothing is done before, the world is heading for a ‘post-antibiotic’ era.
He said common infections like chlamydia would be deadly if not addressed quickly, a growing crisis.
Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics when people take the wrong antibiotics or if they are given unnecessarily.
Former UK Chief Medical Officer Dame Sally Davies said in 2016 that the threat of antibiotic resistance is as serious as terrorism.
Figures estimate that super bugs will kill 10 million people every year by 2050, and patients will be infected by once harmless bugs.
700,000 people worldwide die from drug-resistant infections, including tuberculosis (TB), HIV and malaria.
Fears have been repeatedly raised that medicine will return to the ‘dark ages’ if antibiotics become ineffective in the coming years.
In addition to the decreasing effectiveness of existing drugs, only one or two new antibiotics have been developed in the past 30 years.
In the year In September 2017, the World Health Organization warned that antibiotics were ‘running out’ of new drugs in the development pipeline, according to a report.
Without antibiotics, C-sections, cancer treatments and hip replacements would be incredibly “risky,” he said at the time.
But a major study last year found that they are the leading cause of 1.2 million annual deaths worldwide.
This makes superbugs a more global killer than AIDS or malaria. In comparison, by 2021, Covid will kill an estimated 3.5 million people.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for M.G.
Because the test, known as the Aptima Nucleic Acid Amplification Test, was only approved in 2019, it is not widely distributed and doctors are not required to report cases of infection.
Patients are screened for M. gen only after persistent symptoms and negative tests for other STDs.
This means there is no clear picture of how widespread M.Gene is, or who it affects most.
But Lisa Manhart, a professor of epidemiology at the Washington School of Public Health, told NBC News that M.G. can affect up to 20 percent of sexually active women and 17 percent of men between the ages of 15 and 24.
In contrast, the most common STD in the US is chlamydia, with 5% of sexually active women aged 14-24 having an STI.
If conventional antibiotics do not help, doctors can use moxifloxacin.
This works but causes serious side effects including nausea, diarrhea, dizziness and vomiting.
This means that it is not suitable for everyone, especially pregnant women.
And the more moxifloxacin used to treat M. gen, the more likely it is to become resistant.
Treatment options other than moxifloxacin are limited.
Before deciding which drugs to take, the CDC currently recommends testing for antibiotic resistance, but these tests are not approved by the FDA.
A handful of specialized research centers can test whether the infection is resistant to antibiotics.
Widely available versions of the test can take years, as do antibiotics that work.
Meanwhile, at a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conference on sexually transmitted diseases on Monday, David Harvey, executive director of the National Coalition of STD Directors, said the rise in STDs was ‘out of control’.
Rates of sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea and syphilis, have been rising for years, but last year syphilis cases reached their highest level since 1948.