Sometimes it seems like the only permanent change in women’s health. From the first signs of puberty, potential pregnancy, menopause, our body is constantly undergoing changes and developments. If you’re a woman of a certain age or approaching one, you may know that perimenopause—the transitional phase between menstruation and menopause—comes with its own signs and symptoms. As with any biological process, the perimenopausal stage can be approached differently for different women, but there are usually some tell-tale signs that perimenopause is over and menopause is about to begin. Read on to learn more about these symptoms so you can be aware of the changes in your body.
What is perimenopause?
Mayo Clinic It defines perimenopause as your body’s transition to menopause. During this period Estrogen – the hormone most closely associated with female sexual reproductive health – changes abnormally, causing various uncomfortable symptoms. Most women experience this transition in their 40s and 50s, but some may begin in their mid-30s. Menopause Education Website Always It is noted that smokers may experience menopause earlier than non-smokers.
Are perimenopause and premenopause the same thing?
You may be wondering – what is the difference between perimenopause and premenopause? Most importantly, both occur before menopause. University of Pennsylvania Explains the difference between the two: Premenopause It is the phase that occurs between the first period and perimenopause, and perimenopause, which lasts for about six years, before menopause, when menarche stops, and women are no longer fertile. Women can still get pregnant during perimenopause, but as women age, the number of eggs in the ovaries decreases, so their chances of pregnancy decrease. It is important to consult with your doctor to determine the cause.
What are the symptoms of menopause?
There are two stages of perimenopause, he says Women’s Health San Antonio. Early menopause occurs between the ages of 35 and 42, and late perimenopause typically begins between 45 and 50. The University of Pennsylvania states that women in both stages of menopause generally experience it.
These symptoms are caused by different levels of estrogen and come with some risks. Perimenopause itself does not cause any disease – but changes in hormone levels, cholesterol and blood pressure can occur along with symptoms, which can cause other health problems. Be sure to consult with your doctor to find the best symptom management plan for you.
What is the difference between early and late perimenopause?
Women’s health expert in video and professor at Harvard Medical School Dr. Heather Hirsch Because there are no tests to determine how far into perimenopause you are, it’s difficult to get an accurate diagnosis right now – so retrospective tests are more common. However, there are some differences between the levels.
At the beginning of perimenopause;
Your periods may be short or fast together.
You may have changes in memory, concentration, or brain fog.
Anxiety can increase.
During late perimenopause;
Your periods are more spaced out and less frequent.
You may experience some menopausal symptoms like mood swings, night sweats, hot flashes and more.
Check out the video and channel below to see Dr. Hirsch and see more of her content.
What are the symptoms of perimenopause?
Once you know you’re in it, you’re ready to get out of it. But how do you know? The Mayo Clinic says perimenopause is officially over after a full year without a period — at which point you enter menopause. Considering the period of perimenopause lasts about six years, however, one year is a long time to wait without knowing for sure whether perimenopause is on its way out or not. While you may still experience the same symptoms you experienced in early perimenopause, late perimenopause may appear differently. Here are some more signs that menopause is coming to an end:
Less frequent menstrual periods; If your period only happens every 60+ days and you’re skipping a cycle here and there, you may end up menopause soon, says Evernow.
Change in menstrual flow The end of perimenopause is not only a change in the period of your period, but also the consistency of the flow. Madison Women’s Health He says that heavier or lighter bleeding than you normally do can be a late sign.
hot flashes and night sweats; That’s right—some of the most common symptoms of menopause are just around the corner, according to a health blog. LifeRen. If you start feeling hot and sweaty or wake up drenched in sweat without vigorous exercise or being in a hot environment, you may have had hot flashes or night sweats.
Vaginal dryness Hormone experts at BioID Note that decreasing estrogen levels can cause uncomfortable vaginal dryness, which may persist into menopause. This can manifest as itching, burning or pain during intercourse.
sleep problems; Night sweats can certainly disrupt your sleep, but hormonal fluctuations in late menopause can make it harder to relax, fall asleep, and stay asleep, according to LifeRenu.
How to manage symptoms
Perimenopause and menopause are normal, natural stages of life that women experience. While there may be some comfort in communicating that you are not alone, there is no denying that your symptoms are severe and distressing. Canadian Center for Menstrual Cycle and Ovulation Research It offers three simple tips for managing perimenopausal symptoms:
Take time for yourself.
Self-care isn’t an indulgence—it’s a necessity. This means making time for things that are good for you, such as exercise, socializing with friends, and rest and relaxation. Taking care of yourself will help you stay mentally, physically, and emotionally stable so you can handle whatever menopause throws your way.
Talk to someone you can trust.
Hormonal mood swings can be overwhelming when dealing with the overwhelming changes in your body. Talking to someone you trust—a friend, family member, or counselor—about your symptoms, thoughts, and feelings can help.
Talk to your doctor about medication.
Over-the-counter pain relievers can help you deal with menstrual problems like cramps and headaches. Certain vitamins It can also help manage other symptoms such as hot flashes and sleep problems. Check with your doctor to see what medications may be helpful.
Being a woman isn’t always easy, especially at your age. But no matter how difficult, each era is a new opportunity, and experiencing those opportunities is a gift. As Oprah Winfrey said“The way I see it, every year can be a new journey. Think about it: 25, 38, 44, 61 and every age you get one chance to be before and between. Why wouldn’t you want to experience all the amazing things every step of the way?” Enjoy the unique features at each stage of life – even the ones that include hot flashes. You got this!
This content is not a substitute for professional medical advice or diagnosis. Always consult your doctor before following any treatment plan.