Summary: Running may help some escape from the stresses of everyday life, but some recreational runners show symptoms of exercise dependence. Exercise dependence may be the result of maladaptive escape in which one inhibits oneself to avoid negative experiences. This can affect the overall security.
Recreational running offers many physical and mental health benefits—but some people can develop exercise dependence, which can lead to health problems associated with exercise addiction. Alarmingly, symptoms of exercise dependence are also common in recreational runners.
A study published in Frontiers in Psychology investigated whether the concept of escape can help us understand the relationship between running, well-being and exercise dependence.
“Escape is an everyday phenomenon among people, but little is known about its motivation, how it affects experiences, and its psychological consequences,” said Dr. Frod Stenseng of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, the paper’s editor-in-chief.
Are you running to explore or escape?
“Escape is often defined as “an activity, entertainment, etc., that helps to avoid or forget things that are interesting or boring. In other words, many of our daily activities can be interpreted as escapism,” Staines said.
“The psychological reward of escapism is reduced self-awareness, reduced rumination, and relief from stressful, or distressing, thoughts and feelings.”
Escaping can restore perspective, or serve as a distraction from problems that need solving. Finding positive experiences, self-expansion, adaptation, adaptation. At the same time, it is called self-destruction, avoiding negative experiences. Effectively, running as a scout or runaway.
“These two types of escapism stem from two different mindsets, either to promote positive emotion or to prevent negative emotion,” Stensing said.
Escape activities used for self-expansion have more positive effects but more long-term benefits. Self-suppression, on the other hand, leads to suppression and avoidance of positive emotions as well as negative emotions.
Self-suppression associated with exercise dependence
The team recruited 227 recreational runners, half male and half female, to demonstrate a wide range of running experiences. They were asked to fill out questionnaires examining three different aspects of escapism and exercise dependence: an escape scale that measures the preference for self-expansion or self-repression, an exercise dependence scale, and a life satisfaction scale designed to measure participants’ subjective well-being.
Scientists have found that there is very little overlap between runners who prefer self-extending and runners who prefer suicidal tactics. Self-expansion was positively related to well-being, whereas self-suppression was negatively related to well-being.
Self-suppression and self-expansion were both related to exercise dependence, but self-suppression was significantly associated with it. Neither escape condition was related to age, gender, or time spent running, but both affected the relationship between well-being and exercise dependence.
Whether or not a person meets the criteria for exercise dependence, the choice of self-enhancement is still associated with a more positive sense of their own well-being.
Although exercise dependence undermines the potential health benefits of exercise, low perceived well-being can be both a cause and effect of exercise dependence: dependence can be driven by low well-being and promotion.
Similarly, positive self-enhancement may be a psychological motivator that promotes exercise dependence.
“Further studies using longitudinal research designs are necessary to better understand the dynamics and outcomes of absconding motivation,” Stensing said. But these findings can be used for therapeutic purposes in individuals who struggle to understand their own motivations and engage in inappropriate activities.
So exercise addiction and psychological research news
Author: Beer Gillham complaint
Contact: Angrad Beer Gilham – Border
Image: The image is in the public domain.
Preliminary study: Open Access.
“Are you running to “get lost”? Two forms of escape in recreational running and their relation to experiencing dependence and subjective well-being” by Frode Senseng et al. Frontiers in Psychology
Are you running to “get lost”? Two forms of escape in recreational running and their relation to experiencing dependence and subjective well-being
Escape is a basic motivation in many forms of activity. Basically, Escape It is “a normal mental diversion… to escape from reality or everyday life.”
Accordingly, escape may result in multiple adaptive and maladaptive psychological antecedents, correlates, and consequences. However, few studies have been conducted on escape thinking as a motivation in running.
Here, in a sample of recreational runners (N = 227), we applied a two-dimensional model of escape that included Self expansion (adaptive escape) and Self suffocation(maladaptive avoidance) and examined how they relate to exercise dependence and subjective well-being.
First, confirmatory factor analyzes showed that measures of escape varied significantly across the sample. Then, correlational analyzes revealed that self-expansion was positively associated with subjective well-being, while self-suppression was negatively associated with well-being.
Self-suppression was significantly associated with physical activity compared to self-enhancement.
Finally, path analyzes revealed the explanatory role of self-expansion and self-limitation in the inverse relationship between exercise dependence and well-being. In conclusion, the current findings support escape as a useful framework for understanding the relationship between exercise dependence in running and personal well-being.