For the past five years, they have been commuting home from work the same way. But lately, you’ve been standing at the same intersection, struggling to remember whether to turn left or right.

Many situations in our daily lives make us wonder if our memory is normal, a sign of cognitive decline, or the onset of dementia.

Our first instinct may be due to our mind being corrupted. It is true that our body is like the rest of us Brain cells are reduced As we get older. They also store chemicals that are needed to send messages to other neurons when there is less communication with other neurons.

But all memory impairments are caused by age-related changes in neurons. In most cases, the influencers are more simple, including fatigue; worryOr Distracted.

Some forgetfulness is normal

Our memory system is built to a certain extent that forgetfulness is normal. This is not a defect, but a feature. Retaining memories is not only a drain on the metabolism, but too much unnecessary information can slow down or hinder retrieval of certain memories.

Unfortunately, it is not always up to us to decide what is important and what should be remembered. Our brain He does that for us. In general, our brains prefer social information (recent news) but easily discard abstract information (such as numbers).

It becomes a problem when memory loss begins Influence Your normal everyday life. It’s not a big deal if you don’t remember to turn right or left.

However, it’s not uncommon to forget why you’re behind the wheel, where you’re going, or how to drive. These are signs that something may be wrong and should be investigated further.

Then there is mild cognitive impairment.

A pathway between age-related memory loss and more severe memory loss has been established as mild cognitive impairment. Injury rates may be stable, improving, or worsening.

However, it refers to one Increase risk (about three to five times) future neurodegenerative disease such as dementia. Every year, around 10-15 percent People with mild cognitive impairment also experience dementia.

For people with mild cognitive impairment, the ability to perform normal tasks is gradually and over time more significantly affected. In addition to memory loss, it comes with other problems with language, thinking, and decision-making skills.

A diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment can be a double-edged sword. Elderly stress proves that memory loss is uncommon. It also raises concerns that it may progress to dementia. But it can lead to exploring potential treatment and future planning.

Losing your way can be an early sign.

Impairment on navigation is assumed to be the same. Early marking b Alzheimer’s Disease, the most common type of dementia. Magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI) studies show that they are crucially supportive of our local memories. First touch In this dermatological disease.

Therefore, a significant increase in extinction events may be a warning sign of more obvious and widespread problems in the future.

Given the relationship between decline in wayfinding and dementia prediction, there is an incentive to develop and use standardized tests to identify deficits as early as possible.

Currently, scientific literature He explains Various approaches, from paper-and-pen tests and virtual reality, to real-life exploration, but no gold standard yet.

A unique challenge is to develop a test that is accurate, cost-effective, and easy to administer during a busy clinic day.

We developed a five-minute test using scene memory as a proxy for wayfinding ability. We ask participants to recall pictures of houses and test their ability to distinguish between learned pictures and new pictures of houses.

We got the challenge It works well In predicting natural differences in healthy young people, but currently older people are evaluating the effectiveness of the test.

If your memory lapses are persistent, get help

While daily memory loss is nothing to worry about, it is wise to seek professional health care advice, such as from your GP, when the effects become more marked and consistent.

Although there is currently no cure for Alzheimer’s, early detection is important Allow For future planning and more targeted management of the pain. The conversation

Oliver BaumanAssistant Professor, School of Psychology, Bond University And Cindy JonesAssociate Professor of Behavioral Sciences, Bond University

This article was reprinted from The conversation Under a Creative Commons license. Read Original article.

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