Monitoring your blood sugar is an important part of diabetes treatment. Whether those glucose levels are checked with a finger meter or a continuous glucose monitor (CGM), with this problem an important part of everyday life, future complications related to diabetes can occur.

But what is considered “normal” when it comes to blood sugar levels?

Diabetes is different for everyone, which means that goals are different for each person and those goals are based on different circumstances. While this is an area that should be discussed with your diabetes care team, the medical community has guidelines for what blood glucose levels should be targeted for certain people.

There is no magic number for your blood sugar. However, many people with diabetes try to keep their glucose levels below 140 mg/dL on average.

Many authorities – including Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) And World Health Organization (WHO) – Explain glucose levels and what people with diabetes need to do to keep them at peak levels. of 2022 levels The American Diabetes Association (ADA) is a set of guidelines that many experts in the field of diabetes follow. This table lists goals for specific groups of people with diabetes.

Importantly, the ADA revised its glucose dosage guidelines in 2015 to reflect changes in concerns about overtreatment and hypoglycemia. The lower target was 70 mg/dL. Still, a study at the time It concluded that adults, children and the elderly may be more vulnerable to overmedication – especially if they use different insulin doses or glucose-lowering drugs.

As with all diabetes management, these guidelines are used as a starting point by the medical community. Depending on your personal needs, one’s personal goals may vary. Be sure to consult with your doctor and diabetes care team to determine what is best for you.

A major part of managing diabetes involves monitoring blood sugar or glucose levels.

In type 1 diabetes (T1D), a person’s pancreas does not produce the insulin it needs. In type 2 diabetes (T2D), the body may no longer make or use insulin properly.

For T1D or T2D, keeping glucose levels as low as possible is the goal. Sometimes insulin or diabetes medications are used depending on the type of diabetes and individual needs. Many reasons Effects on glucose levels include food, exercise, insulin, medications, stress, etc.

Glucose level targets can be different for everyone, depending on their specific needs.

Getting a “normal” blood sugar or glucose level is a bit of a misnomer. The term “normal” is often used to refer to what a person’s blood sugar would be without diabetes.

However, this terminology is incorrect because even people without diabetes can have high blood sugar levels, especially after a meal and when they eat something high in sugar or complex carbohydrates like pizza or pasta.

Although that person’s body immediately starts working to balance the rising glucose levels by producing more insulin, their blood sugar may briefly rise above the normal “normal” range. A similar situation can occur during intense exercise or extreme stress if the person’s natural glucose metabolism cannot balance everything quickly enough.

For people with diabetes, the body’s inability to make or use insulin properly means that we need to control our blood sugar levels and take enough insulin – or glucose-lowering drugs – to balance everything out.

A1C measures your average blood sugar over the past 3 months.

You can have your A1C measured intravenously at your doctor’s office or in a lab. Some doctors may do a fingerstick blood test to check your A1C level.

When sugar enters your blood, it binds to a protein called hemoglobin. People with high blood sugar have a high percentage of hemoglobin protein covered with sugar. Your A1C result indicates what percentage of your hemoglobin is bound to sugar.

  • Normal (no diabetes) Below 5.7%
  • Pre-diabetes 5.7% to 6.5%
  • Diabetes: 6.5% or more

In general, the ADA and other clinical guidelines for people with diabetes suggest working closely with your diabetes care team to determine what is best for your A1C goal. In general, clinicians recommend a safe A1C of 7.0%, although this may vary depending on a person’s personal care plan.

It is important to keep in mind that the A1C level does not reflect all aspects of a person’s diabetes management, which means that it does not always reflect your glucose variability, which means that the A1C does not give an indication of high or low blood sugar, and it can. Monitor if your blood sugar fluctuates regularly.

A1C is not the same as your average blood sugar, which can be seen on a fingerstick or your continuous glucose monitor (CGM). This is because the A1C is limited in scope and does not reflect your high and low blood sugar or not at all. Glucose dynamics If you have sudden spikes or drops in your glucose levels.

For this reason, many diabetes experts are reluctant to view A1C as the only “gold standard” for managing a person’s diabetes. Instead, they use that A1C in addition Time Limit (TIR) The numbers show how often your glucose levels are within your individual target range.

Glucose management is an important part of diabetes treatment. There is no magic number for a “normal” glucose or blood sugar level. While there are clinical guidelines on target goals for blood sugar levels and A1C tests, it’s important to remember that “your diabetes can be different.”

You should consult with your endocrinologist and diabetes care team based on your individualized care plan to best determine your glucose goals. Advanced diabetes technology, such as a CGM, can be a point of discussion with your doctor to find ideal glucose levels and healthy timing.

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