Arizona resident He recently contracted a mosquito-borne disease known as dengue., and the dengue virus was found in local mosquitoes. Dengue, normally associated with the tropics, may be spreading in Arizona for the first time.
This is not the first time that dengue has occurred in the United States, but in most of the 48 contiguous states, we do not find local transmission of the disease. Florida has it At least three local dengue cases this yearIt has experienced several local outbreaks in recent years, with the largest being 66 cases in 2010. Reports.) Dengue is common in many US states, including Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the US Virgin Islands.
So how big is the dengue deal, and what should you know about it? Let’s look at the facts.
That’s how bad Dunn is.me
About 75% of people infected with dengue do not show any symptoms. Statistically25% get sick, 5% get severe dengue, and 0.01% die from it.
It should be noted that if you have had dengue in the past, you are more likely to develop severe dengue. There are four types of dengue virus, so in theory you could get it four times in your lifetime. But if it was the same and then another one is infected, the second infection is more likely to develop into severe dengue than the first.
Common symptoms of dengue infection may include nausea, vomiting, rash, or muscle or joint pain. There may be pain behind the eyes. The disease usually lasts between two And seven Days. At this point, the CDC says, you should rest and take acetaminophen (Tylenol), but not aspirin or ibuprofen.
Severe dengue symptoms It may include abdominal pain or tenderness, bleeding from the nose or gums, blood in the vomit or stool, vomiting more than three times in 24 hours, or feeling unusually tired or irritable. If these symptoms occur, seek medical attention immediately.
How does dengue spread?
Dengue is caused by a virus and the virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. Although not all mosquitoes can transmit it. He asks Ades Egypt Or Aedes albopictus Mosquitoes. These mosquitoes bite both day and night, and can breed in small water tanks. Both are species More common in the southern US than the northern areas.
(They are small brown mosquitoes that live in many northern areas and bite most often at night. Culex Mosquitoes do not transmit dengue. You can transfer. West Nile viruseven if.)
In order for a mosquito to give you dengue, it has to bite a person with dengue and then be bitten. If this occurs in a specific area, it is considered a local dengue outbreak. People get dengue when they travel and bring it home, which is where most dengue cases occur in the continental US.
How to get rid of dengue
The main way to protect yourself from dengue is to protect yourself from mosquito bites, and you can also help protect your community by making sure mosquitoes don’t have a place to breed.
Mosquitoes lay their eggs in stagnant water. This includes things like trash cans and tires that fill with rainwater, water sources like dog bowls and birdbaths, and ponds that are created on the ground or in tarps. If you cannot prevent them from filling in the first place, drain these items regularly. (For example, if your dog has an outdoor water feeder, make sure to empty it twice a week.)
To protect yourself from being bitten, the CDC He advises. Using effective insect repellants (such as those containing DEET), wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and using window screens to keep mosquitoes out.
he said Vaccination Dengue prophylaxis approved for children aged 9 to 16 years living in dengue-prone areas. It is not allowed for people who are still traveling to those places.